Standard FCI

vizsla fci
FCI-Standard N° 57 / 13.09.2000 / GB

HUNGARIAN SHORT-HAIRED POINTER (VIZSLA)
(Rövidszörü Magyar Vizsla)

TRANSLATION: Mrs. H. Gross-Richardson and Mrs. Ann Mitchell, ANKC Australia and Mrs. Elke Peper

ORIGIN: Hungary.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 06.04.2000

CLASSIFICATION:
Group 7 - Pointing Dogs.
Section 1 - Continental Pointing Dogs.
With working trial (Field and Water Trial)

UTILISATION: A versatile gun dog that must be able to work in the field, forest and water, having the following typical qualities: an excellent nose, firmness on the point, excellent retrieves and determination to remain on the scent even when swimming, which he manifestly enjoys. He copes with difficult terrain as well as extreme weather conditions. As he is intended to be an efficient hunting dog, gun and game shyness, unwillingness to point and retrieve, as well as a dislike of water are undesirable. Because of his easy going nature and his adaptability, he can easily be kept as a companion dog in the house.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The ancestors of the Hungarian Vizsla came into the Carpathian Basin with the nomadic Hungarian tribes. Written descriptions and graphic illustrations are found in documents of the 14th century already. From the 18th century, his importance as a hunting dog has been increasing steadily.
As early as the end of the 19th century, competitions for pointing dogs were organised in Hungary, in which Hungarian Vizslas (among others) participated with great success. In those days, other Gundog breeds most likely played an important part in the development of the breed.
The specific modern breeding started in 1920, as a result of which, the Short-Haired Hungarian Vizsla received recognition by the FCI in 1936.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Medium sized, elegant gun dog of noble appearance with short russet gold coat. His rather light, dry, lean structure embodies the harmony of beauty and strength.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS
  • The body length slightly exceeds the height at the withers.
  • The depth of the brisket is slightly less than half the height at the withers.
  • The muzzle is slightly shorter than half the length of the head.

BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Lively, friendly, evenly tempered, to be trained easily. His outstanding willingness to keep contact with his master while working is one of his essential qualities. He cannot bear rough treatment and must be neither aggressive nor shy.

HEAD: Dry, noble, well proportioned.

CRANIAL REGION
Skull: Moderately wide, slightly domed. A slightly pronounced groove runs from the moderately developed occiput towards the stop. The superciliary ridges are moderately developed.
Stop: Moderate.

FACIAL REGION
Nose: Well developed and broad with nostrils as wide as possible. The colour of the nose harmonises in a dark shading with the coat colour.
Muzzle: Blunt, not pointed; with strong jaws, strongly muscled. The bridge of the nose is straight
Lips: Tightly fitting, no pendulous flews.
Jaws/Teeth: Powerful jaws with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws ; with 42 healthy teeth according to the dentition formula.
Cheeks : Strong, well muscled.
Eyes: Slightly oval, of medium size. Well fitting eyelids. Intelligent and lively expression. The brown eye harmonising with the coat colour, as dark as possible preferred.
Leathers: Set on at medium height, a little backwards. Fine leathers hanging closely to the cheeks, ending in a rounded V shape. The length is about three quarters of the length of the head.

NECK : Of medium length, harmonising with the overall appearance. The nape very muscular and slightly arched. Tightly fitting skin at the throat.

BODY
Withers: Pronounced and muscular.
Back: Solid, strong, well muscled, taut and straight. The vertebral spines should be hidden by the muscles.
Loin: Short, broad, tight, muscular, straight or slightly arched. The portion from back to loin is well coupled.
Croup: Broad and of sufficient length, not cut off short. Sloping slightly to the tail. Well muscled.
Chest: Deep and broad with well developed, well muscled, moderately arched forechest; sternum extending as far back as possible. The sternum and the elbow should be at the same level. Ribs moderately arched. Last ribs carried well back.
Underline: Elegant, tight, arching line towards the rear, slightly tucked up.

TAIL: Set on slightly low, strong at the base, then tapering. In countries where tail docking is not prohibited by law, the tail may be shortened by one quarter to avoid hunting hazards. If tail docking is prohibited, the tail reaches down to the hock joint and carried straight or slightly sabre like. On the move, it is raised up to the horizontal. It is well covered by dense coat.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS: Viewed from the front, straight and parallel. Viewed from the side, legs are vertical and placed well under the body. Good bones, strongly muscled.
Shoulders: Long, sloping and flat, well attached shoulder blade. Flexible. Strong, dry musculature. Well angulated between shoulder blade and upper arm.
Upper arm: As long as possible. Well muscled.
Elbows : Fitting close to the body, however not tied in, turning neither in nor out. Well angulated between upper arm and forearm.
Forearm: Long, straight, sufficiently muscled. Bone strong, but not coarse.

Pastern joint: Strong, tight.
Pastern: Short, only very slightly sloping.
Forefeet: Slightly oval, with well knit, sufficiently arched, strong toes. Strong brown nails. Tough, resistant, slate grey pads. The feet are parallel when standing or moving.
HINDQUARTERS: Viewed from behind, straight and parallel. Well angulated. Strong bone.
Upper thigh: Long and muscular. Good angulation between pelvis and upper thigh.
Stifle: Well angulated
Lower thigh: Long, well muscled and sinewy. Its length is almost equal to that of the upper thigh. Good angulation between lower thigh and metatarsus.
Hock joint: Strong, dry and sinewy, rather well let down.
Metatarsus: Vertical, short and dry.
Hind feet: Similar to forefeet.

GAIT/MOVEMENT: The typical gait is an animated, light-footed trot, elegant and far reaching, with much drive and corresponding reach. Not exhausting gallop when working in the field. The back is firm and the topline remains level. Good, upright carriage. Pacing undesirable.

SKIN Tightly fitting, without folds. The skin is well pigmented.

COAT

HAIR: Short and dense, should be coarse and hard at the touch. On the head and the leathers, it should be thinner, silkier and shorter. The hair underneath the tail should be slightly, but not noticeably, longer. It should cover all of the body ; the underside of the belly is a little lighter coated. No undercoat.

COLOUR: Various shades of russet gold and dark sandy gold (semmelgelb). The leathers may be a little darker, otherwise uniform in colour. Red, brownish or lightened colour is undesirable. A little white patch on the chest or at the throat, not more than 5 cm in diameter, as well as white markings on the toes are not considered faulty. The colour of the lips and the eyerims corresponds to the colour of the nose.

SIZE/WEIGHT

HEIGHT AT WITHERS
Dogs: 58 - 64 cm
Bitches: 54 - 60 cm

It is ineffective to increase the height at the withers. A medium size should be aimed at. Overall balance and symmetry are much more important than the mere measurable size.

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportions to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

ELIMINATING FAULTS
  • Any type of weakness in temperament.
  • Distinct deviations from the characteristics of the breed.
  • Strong deviation from the sexual characteristics.
  • Atypical head.
  • Spotted(butterfly) nose.
  • Pendulous or dribbling flews.
  • Under- or overshot mouth. Wry mouth, including all intermediate forms.
  • One or more missing incisors and/or canine and/or premolars 2-4 and/or molars 1-2; more than two missing PM1; the M3 are disregarded. Not visible teeth are assessed as missing ones. Supernumerary teeth not in line with the others.
  • Cleft palate, harelip.
  • Light yellow eyes. Very loose eyelids; ectropion, entropion. Distichiasis (double row of eyelashes).
  • Pronounced dewlap.
  • Dewclaws.
  • Very faulty movement.
  • Atypical coat.
  • Dark brown or pale yellow colour. Parti-coloured, not uniformly coloured. White chest patch larger than 5 cm.
  • White feet.
  • Lacking pigmentation either on the skin or on the lips and eyerims.
  • Deviation of more than 2 cm from the above mentioned heights at withers.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

NB: Male animals must have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
weimaraner fci
FCI-Standard N° 99 / 04.12.1998 / GB

WEIMARANER

TRANSLATION: C.Seidler.

ORIGIN: Germany.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD: 27.02.1990

UTILIZATION: Versatile hunting dog, pointing dog.

CLASSIFICATION:
Group 7 - Pointing Dogs.
Section 1.1 - Continental Pointing Dogs Type « Braque »
With working trial

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: There are numerous theories regarding the origin of the Weimaraner Pointing Dog. Only so much is certain: That the Weimaraner, which at that time still contained a great deal of liam hound blood (« Leithund ») was already kept at the Weimar court in the first third of the 19th century. In the middle of the century, before pure breeding was started, breeding was mainly in the hands of professional hunters and game keepers in central Germany, mostly in the regions round Weimar and in Thuringia. As the days of the liam hounds passed, the dogs were crossed with the « Hühnerhund » and breeding was continued with this cross. From about 1890 on, the breed was produced according to a plan and regarded as suitable for registration in a stud book. Apart from the short-haired Weimaraner, a long-haired variety occurred, if only singly, since the turn of the century. Since being admitted to the stud book, the Weimaraner has been pure bred, remaining mostly free from crosses with any other breeds, in particular, Pointers. Therefore the Weimaraner is likely to be the oldest German « pointing » breed, which has been pure bred for about a hundred years.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Medium to large size hunting dog. Functional working type, pleasing in shape, sinewy and very muscular. Difference in type between dogs and bitches easily distinguished.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
  • Length of body to height at withers approximately 12: 11.
  • Proportions of the head: From tip of nose to stop slightly longer than from stop to occiput.
  • Forequarters: Distance from elbow to mid-pastern and distance from elbow to point of withers about equal.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: Versatile, easily trained steady and passionate hunting dog. Persevering in systematic search, yet not too lively. Remarkable ability to pick up scent. Ready to seize game and other prey; he is a good watchdog, without aggressiveness however. Reliable pointing dog and worker in water. Remarkable inclination to work after the shot.

HEAD

CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: In balance with size of body and facial region. Broader in dogs than bitches, yet in both, the relationship between width of cranial region to total length of head must be in good proportion. Median groove on forehead. Slightly to moderately protruding occipital bone. Zygomatic arches easily traceable behind the eyes.
Stop: Extremely slight.

FACIAL REGION:
Nose: Nose leather large, protruding over the underjaw. Dark flesh colour, merging gradually into gray towards the rear.
Muzzle: Long and, specially in the male, powerful, appearing almost angular. Region of canines and carnassial teeth equally strong. Bridge of nose straight, often slightly arched, never with a concave curve.
Flews: Moderately deep, flesh coloured, as are the gums. Slight labial corner.
Jaws/Teeth: Jaws strong; teeth complete, regular and strong. Top and bottom incisors closely touching (scissor bite).
Cheeks: Muscular, clearly defined. Definitely « clean » head.
Eyes: Amber colour, dark to pale, with intelligent expression. Sky-blue in puppies. Round, set barely slanting. Lids well fitting.
Leathers: Lobular, broad and fairly long, just reaching to corner of mouth. Set on high and narrow, forming a rounded off point at tip. In alterness, turned slightly forward, folded.

NECK: Noble appearance and carriage. Upper line arched in profile. Muscular, nearly round, not too short, clean. Becoming stronger towards the shoulders and merging harmoniously into the topline and chest.

BODY:
Topline: From the arched neckline, over the well defined withers the topline merges gradually into the relatively long, firm back.
Withers: Well defined.
Back: Firm and muscular, without a dip. Not running up towards the rear. A slightly longer back, a breed characteristic, is not a fault.
Croup: Pelvis long and moderately sloped.
Chest: Strong but not unduly broad, with sufficient depth to reach almost to elbows and of sufficient length. Well sprung without being barrel-shaped and with long ribs. Forechest well developed.
Underline and Belly: Rising slightly, but belly not tucked up.

TAIL: Set on slightly lower than with other similar breeds. Tail strong and well coated. Carried hanging down in repose. When alert or working, carried level or higher.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS:
General: High on leg, sinewy, straight and parallel, but not standing wide.
Shoulders: Long and sloping. Well fitting, strongly muscled. Well angulated shoulder joint.
Upper arm: Sloping, sufficiently long and strong.
Elbows: Free and lying parallel to median plane of body. Turned neither in nor out.
Forearm: Long, straight and vertical.
Pastern joint: Strong and taut.
Pastern: Sinewy, slightly sloping.
Front feet: Firm and strong. Standing straight in relation to median plane of body. Toes arched. Longer middle toes are a breed characteristic and therefore not a fault. Nails light to dark gray. Pads well pigmented, coarse.

HINDQUARTERS:
General: High on leg, sinewy i.e. well muscled. Standing parallel, turning neither in nor out.
Upper thigh: Sufficiently long, strong and well muscled.
Stifle: Strong and taut.
Lower thigh: Long with clearly visible tendons.
Hock joint: Strong and taut.
Hock: Sinewy, almost vertical in position.
Hind feet: Tight and firm, without dewclaws, otherwise like front feet.

GAIT / MOVEMENT: Movement in all gaits is ground covering and smooth. Hind and front legs set parallel to each other. Gallop long and flat. Back remains level when trotting. Pacing is undesirable.

SKIN: Strong. Well but not too tight fitting.

COAT

HAIR:
  • Short-haired: Short (but longer and thicker than with most comparable breeds), strong, very dense, smooth lying topcoat. Without or with only very sparse undercoat.
  • Long-haired: Soft, long topcoat with or without undercoat. Smooth or slightly wavy. Long flowing hair at ear set on. Velvety hair is permissible on tips of leathers. Length of coat on flanks 3 - 5 cm. On lower side of neck, forechest and belly, generally somewhat longer. Good feathering and breeching, yet less long towards ground. Tail with good flag. Hair between toes. Hair on head less long. A type of coat similar to a double-coat (Stockhaar) with medium length, dense, close fitting topcoat, thick undercoat and moderately developed feathering and breeching, sometimes occurs in dogs of mixed ancestry.

COLOUR: Silver, roe or mouse grey, as well as shades of these colours. Head and leathers generally slightly paler. Only small white markings on chest and toes permitted. Sometimes a more or less defined trace occurs along the back. Dog with definite reddish-yellow marking (« Brand ») may only be given the classification « good ». Brown marking is a serious fault.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at the withers:
Dogs: 59 - 70 cm (ideal measurement 62 - 67 cm).
Bitches: 57 - 65 cm (ideal measurement 59 - 63 cm).
Weight:
Dogs: about 30 - 40 kg.
Bitches: about 25 - 35 kg.

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

SERIOUS FAULTS:
  • Clear deviation from type. Untypical sexual characteristics.
  • Gross deviations from size and proportions.
  • Facial region: Gross deviations e.g. too strong flews, short or pointed muzzle.
  • Jaws and teeth: Lack of more than two PM1 or M3.
  • Eyes: slight faults, above all slight and unilateral
  • faults in eyelids.
  • Leathers: Definitely short or long, not folded.
  • Throatiness (dewlap), great deviation in neck shape and muscle.
  • Back: Definite sway or roach back. Rump higher than withers.
  • Chest, belly: Barrel shaped chest. Insufficient depth or length o
  • f chest. Tucked up belly.
  • Gross anomalies in stance i.e. lack of angulation, out at elbows, splay feet.
  • Pronounced bow legs or cow hocks.
  • Bad movement in different gaits, also lack of free forward movement or drive, pacing.
  • Serious deficencies i.e. skin very fine or very coarse.
  • Mixture of coat varieties defined in the standard.
  • Lack of feathering on belly or leathers (leather ears). Widely spread woolly coat in the short-haired Weimaraner or curly or sparse feathering in the long-haired variety.
  • Departure from shades of gray, such as yellow or brownish. Tan marking (« Brand »).
  • Strong departure from correct height or weight (e.g. more than 2 cm from measurements given in the standard).
  • Slight deficiency in temperament.
  • Other serious faults.

ELIMINATING FAULTS:
  • Faulty temperament, i.e. shy or nervous.
  • Completely untypical, above all too heavy or too light in build.
  • Completely unbalanced.
  • Absolutely untypical, e.g. bulldog - type head.
  • Facial region: Absolutely untypical i.e. distinctly concave nasal bridge.
  • Jaws and teeth: Overshot, undershot, missing further teeth other than quoted.
  • Eyes: Entropion, ectropion.
  • Leathers: Absolutely untypical, i.e. stand-off.
  • Particularly pronounced dewlap.
  • Back: Severe sway or roach back. Definitely overbuilt at croup.
  • Chest, belly: Markedly barrel shaped or malformed chest.
  • Legs rickety or malformed.
  • Chronic lameness.
  • Totally restricted movement.
  • Skin defects and malformations.
  • Partial or total hair loss.
  • White markings other than on chest and feet.
  • Colour other than gray. Widespread brown marking.
  • Definitely over-or undersize.
  • Other malformation. Illnesses which must be considered hereditary, i.e. epilepsy.

The compilers can, naturally, not list all faults which occur, the above are to be regarded as examples.

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

N.B.: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.